What Are The Functions Of The Liver
The liver controls most chemical levels in the blood. It also secretes a clear yellow or orange fluid called bile. Bile helps to break down fats, preparing them for further digestion and absorption. All of the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver. The liver processes this blood and breaks down, balances, and creates nutrients for the body to use. It also breaks down medicines in the blood into forms that are easier for the body to use. The liver does many important things including:
Makes bile, which helps carry away waste and break down fats in the small intestine during digestion
Makes certain proteins for blood plasma
Makes cholesterol and special proteins to help carry fats through the body
Stores and releases glucose as needed
Processes hemoglobin to use its iron content
Changes harmful ammonia to urea
Clears the blood of medicines and other harmful substances
Regulates blood clotting
Fights infections by making immune factors and removing bacteria from the bloodstream
When the liver has broken down harmful substances, they are excreted into the bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the intestine and ultimately leave the body in bowel movements. Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys and leave the body in the form of urine.
Where Is Your Liver Located And What Causes Liver Pain
Your liver is located on the right side of your body in the upper right abdomen below your ribcage. The liver is one of the largest internal organs in your body and its main function is to filter blood and remove toxins. Your liver also plays an important role in your digestive system. Liver pain can be felt in the upper right abdomen or on the middle of the back and it can be caused by disease or infection that makes the liver swell.
This article looks at the important functions that the liver has in the body. You will also learn about the main causes of liver pain and the side your liver is on. Knowing what causes pain in the liver can help you make positive lifestyle choices to protect the health of your liver. At the end of the article, you will find out great natural remedies to strengthen your liver.
What Is The Liver What Is Its Function
The liver has multiple functions. It makes many of the chemicals required by the body to function normally, it breaks down and detoxifies substances in the body, and it also acts as a storage unit.
Hepatocytes are responsible for making many of the proteins in the body that are required for many functions, including blood clotting factors, and albumin, required to maintain fluid within the circulation system. The liver is also responsible for manufacturing cholesterol and triglycerides. Carbohydrates are also produced in the liver and the organ is responsible for turning glucose into glycogen that can be stored both in the liver and in the muscle cells. The liver also makes bile that helps with food digestion.
The liver plays an important role in detoxifying the body by converting ammonia, a byproduct of metabolism in the body, into urea that is excreted in the urine by the kidneys. The liver also breaks down medications and drugs, including alcohol, and is responsible for breaking down insulin and other hormones in the body.
The liver is also stores vitamins and chemicals that the body requires as building blocks. These includes:
The liver is a large organ and a significant amount of liver tissue needs to be damaged before a person experiences symptoms of disease. Symptoms also may depend upon the type of liver disease.
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What Does The Liver Look Like Where Is It Located In The Body
The liver is divided into two lobes and has a rich blood supply obtained from two sources:
The biliary tree describes a system of tubes that collect bile, used to help digest food, and drains it into the gallbladder or the intestine. Intrahepatic ducts are located inside the liver while extrahepatic ducts are located outside the liver.
Many diseases may affect the liver directly or as a consequence of an illness or disease that begins in another organ.
Fatty liver disease
- Fatty liver disease, caused by accumulation of cholesterol and triglycerides within the liver is not associated with alcohol abuse. Fatty liver disease is also referred to as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis .
- Cirrhosis of the liver describes a condition of scarring in the liver that is not reversible and may lead to liver failure.
- Alcohol abuse causes cirrhosis of the liver and is the most common cause of liver disease in North America.
Hepatitis is an infection of the liver that causes liver inflammation.
Infections may affect the liver, including:
- Epstein Barr virus that causes infectious mononucleosis
Genetic disorders can affect the liver, examples include the following:
Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
Complications Of Liver Failure
Doctors will work to prevent complications, which include:
- Cerebral edema. Fluid buildup is a problem with liver failure. In addition to your belly, it can also pool in your brain and lead to high blood pressure there.
- Blood clotting problems. Your liver plays a big role in helping your blood clot. When it canât do that job, youâre at risk of bleeding too freely.
- Infections, like pneumonia and UTIs. End-stage liver disease can make you more likely to get infections.
- Kidney failure. Liver failure can change the way your kidneys work and lead to failure.
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Where Your Liver Is Located
Your liver is located in the upper right-hand side of your abdomen and is protected by your ribs. The liver sits just above your stomach and below your lungs.
The location of the liver
Dr. Matthew Hoffman on WebMD says that your liver weighs about 3 pounds and you cant usually feel the liver. Your liver sits beside the pancreas, gallbladder, and intestines and these organs perform important functions to help the body digest, absorb, and process food.1
What Are The Parts Of The Liver
The liver has two main parts: the larger right lobe and the smaller left lobe.
The lobes contain many blood vessels. Blood travels through the liver. The liver filters the blood, removing toxins and waste that eventually leave the body through urine and feces.
The lobes also contain thousands of lobules . These lobules connect with many bile ducts, tubes that transport bile from the liver to the small intestine.
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Liver Anatomy Pmc Ncbi
- Summary: 1). Located in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity beneath the right hemidiaphragm, it is protected by the rib cage and maintains its position
- Matching search results: At the cranial aspect of the liver is a convex area along the diaphragmatic surface that is devoid of any ligamentous attachments or peritoneum. This bare area of the liver is attached to the diaphragm by flimsy fibroareolar tissue. The coronary
Front View Of The Liver
The liver is a large, meaty organ that sits on the right side of the belly. Weighing about 3 pounds, the liver is reddish-brown in color and feels rubbery to the touch. Normally you can’t feel the liver, because it’s protected by the rib cage.
The liver has two large sections, called the right and the left lobes. The gallbladder sits under the liver, along with parts of the pancreas and intestines. The liver and these organs work together to digest, absorb, and process food.
The liver’s main job is to filter the blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing it to the rest of the body. The liver also detoxifies chemicals and metabolizes drugs. As it does so, the liver secretes bile that ends up back in the intestines. The liver also makes proteins important for blood clotting and other functions.
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Things That Can Harm The Liver
While some liver diseases are genetic, others are caused by viruses or toxins, such as drugs and poisons. Some risk factors, according to theMayo Clinic , include drug or heavy alcohol consumption, having a blood transfusion before 1992, high levels of triglycerides in the blood, diabetes, obesity and being exposed to other people’s blood and bodily fluids. This can happen from shared drug needles, unsanitary tattoo or body piercing needles, and unprotected sex.
Alcohol is big player in liver damage. It is believed that alcohol could possibly change the type of fungi living in the liver, leading to disease, according to a small study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation . If this is true, it could lead to new treatment options. The findings suggest that “we might be able to slow the progression of alcoholic liver disease by manipulating the balance of fungal species living in a patient’s intestine,” study co-author Dr. Bernd Schnabl, an associate professor of gastroenterology at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, said in a statement.
Diseases Associated With The Liver
Liver cancer and liver cirrhosis are the major life-threatening conditions associated with this organ. Liver cancer develops when there is an abnormal malignant growth of cancerous cells in the liver. Whereas, cirrhosis is caused due to excess consumption of alcohol, for a long period. Similarly, alcoholic fatty liver and liver damage are conditions caused due to excessive alcohol consumption. On the other hand, infections like hepatitis A, B, C, and E, jaundice, etc., are some of the diseases associated with the liver. It is found that certain medications, like cancer medications, can lead to liver damage. Most of these condition can be treated if symptoms are detected at an early stage.
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Porta Hepatis And Recesses Of The Liver
Synonyms: show more…
The porta hepatis is the central intraperitoneal fissure of the liver that separates the caudate and the quadrate lobes. It is the entrance and exit point for several important structures including the portal vein, the hepatic arteries, the hepatic ducts, the hepatic nervous plexus and the lymphatic vessels.
The subphrenic recess is a space between the diaphragmatic surface of the liver from the inferior surface of the diaphragm it is split by the falciform ligament of the liver into right and left areas.
The hepatorenal recess is a space located on the inferior right aspect of the liver, between this organ and the right kidney and suprarenal gland.
Urogenital And Hormonal Effects
Excessive activation of the vagal nerve during , which is a parasympathetic overcompensation for a strong response associated with stress, can also cause due to a sudden drop in , causing . Vasovagal syncope affects young children and women more than other groups. It can also lead to temporary under moments of extreme fear.
Research has shown that women having had complete can experience through the vagus nerve, which can go from the and to the brain.
signaling activates the -sensitive potassium channels in the , decreases AgRP release, and through the vagus nerve, leads to decreased glucose production by the liver by decreasing gluconeogenic enzymes: , .
therapy using a implanted in the chest is a treatment used since 1997 to control in patients and has been approved for treating drug-resistant cases of . A non-invasive VNS device that stimulates an afferent branch of the vagus nerve is also being developed and will soon undergo trials.
Clinical trials have started in , , using VNS for the treatment of tonal after a breakthrough study published in early 2011 by researchers at the showed successful -suppression in rats when tones were paired with brief pulses of stimulation of the vagus nerve.
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What Conditions And Disorders Affect The Liver
Many conditions can affect the liver. Among the most common are:
- Diseases that occur when a person consumes too many toxins, such alcohol-related liver disease and fatty liver disease .
- Inherited diseases like hemochromatosis and Wilson disease .
- Liver cancer, when abnormal cells grow too quickly.
- Problems when the immune system attacks the liver, such as autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis and primary biliary cholangitis.
Cream Of Spinach Soup
You can serve cream of spinach soup as a side dish or as the main entrée. It has a richness that is hard to match because it is created with spinach and cream sauce.
Because liver and onions have powerful flavors that complement one another, cream of spinach soup is best served with them.
The cream sauce gives the dish some richness, and the spinach gives it texture and color.
It is a hearty side dish with liver and onions that tastes fantastic. If you want to save time, making it yourself is also not too difficult.
A sizable amount can be prepared and frozen for several months.
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Liver Abscess Or Cyst
A bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection in your liver can form an abscess, or a pocket of pus. The top right side of your abdomen may be tender. Your doctor may be able to feel that your liver is enlarged. Usually, youâll also have fever and chills.
Cysts are also pockets of fluid, but they arenât usually infected. If they are large, they may make you uncomfortable, mostly because youâll feel âfullâ in your abdomen. Cysts sometimes can bleed, which can cause sudden, severe pain in your upper right belly and shoulder. Learn about polycystic liver disease symptoms, causes, and treatment.
Are The Kidneys Superior To The Liver
Because the liver is bigger on the right side of the body, the left kidney is somewhat superior than the right kidney. The kidneys, unlike the other abdominal organs, are located behind the peritoneum that lines the abdominal cavity and are thus classified as retroperitoneal organs. This means they have no significant surface area beyond the renal capsule-the thin membrane that covers each kidney.
The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron. Each nephron will filter approximately 25 ml of blood every day through a process called ultrafiltration. The glomerulus is the part of the nephron where this filtration takes place. It is made up of an endothelial cell layer and a basement membrane with attached cells called podocytes that form a “wall” around each blood vessel going into or out of the glomerulus. The matrix between these cells is filled with collagen and elastic fibers that expand and contract when you breathe in and out. This allows the glomerulus to expand and contract which is necessary for effective filtering of blood proteins.
If you look inside the kidney, you will see many small cavities called pyramids that extend into the cortex of the kidney. These are areas where new blood vessels grow to supply oxygen and nutrients to growing tissues. As these tissues mature, the pyramids shrink down to form permanent structures called renules that contain pigment cells that produce red blood cells or chromophobes.
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Liver: What It Does Disorders & Symptoms Staying Healthy
- Summary: · Weighing, on average, about three pounds in an adult, the liver is the largest internal organ. Under normal conditions, the liver is located on
- Matching search results: Weighing, on average, about three pounds in an adult, the liver is the largest internal organ. Under normal conditions, the liver is located on the right side of the body, under the ribs. In a condition called situs inversus, the liver is located on
How Can Liver Failure Be Prevented
The best way to prevent liver failure is to limit your risk of getting cirrhosis or hepatitis. Here are some tips to help prevent these conditions:
- Get a hepatitis vaccine or an immunoglobulin shot to prevent hepatitis A and B.
- Eat a proper diet from all of the food groups.
- Maintain a heathy weight.
- Do not drink alcohol in excess. Avoid alcohol when you are taking acetaminophen.
- Practice proper hygiene. Since germs are commonly spread by hands, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly after you use the bathroom. Also, wash your hands before you touch any food.
- Don’t share any personal toiletry items, including toothbrushes and razors.
- If you get a tattoo or a body piercing, make sure the conditions are sanitary and all equipment is aseptic .
- Be sure to use barrier protection when having sex.
- If you use illegal intravenous drugs, don’t share needles with anyone.
Mayo Clinic: âAcute liver failure,â âAutoimmune hepatitis,â âCirrhosis,â âHemochromatosis,â âHepatitis A,â âLiver disease.â
Johns Hopkins: âChronic Liver Disease/Cirrhosis.â
CDC: âHepatitis C Questions and Answers for the Public
Oxalosis and Hyperoxaluria Foundation: âOverview of Hyperoxaluria.â
UpToDate: âDrugs and the liver: Metabolism and mechanisms of injury,â âHepatic adenoma.â
The Hepatitis C Trust: âHepatitis C liver damage progression.â
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: âAlcohol Alert.â
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Causes Of Chronic Liver Failure
The most common causes of chronic liver failure include:
- Hepatitis B: It makes your liver swell and stops it from working the way it should.
- Hepatitis C: If you have it long-term, it can lead to cirrhosis.
- Long-term alcohol consumption: It also leads to cirrhosis.
- Hemochromatosis: This inherited disorder causes your body to absorb and store too much iron. It can build up in your liver and cause cirrhosis.
Other conditions that can lead to liver failure include: